We Transfer -- and Archive -- Movie Film and Legacy Videos
of all kinds
DVD MiniDV D8 Hi8 VHS Video 8mm 16mm Movie Film Transfers
 

Archive Everything From..
Film to DVD

Bruce Mayfield MBA, MSPsy, BSCS
Computer Scientist and Digital Archivist
d.b.a. Film to DVD / Film to Video
Special Promotional Offer
Contact Us:OR Request Price Quote

See Products Below

Home
About Us

Video Demonstration Clips:
Hybrid Re-Engineering
Up-Close and Personal Clp
FOR ALL READERS:
DVD Dirty Little Secrets
Dirty Little Secret NEWS
Proof of Short DVD Life-spans:
Summary of Longevity Studies
National Archives Newsletter
National Archives FAQ
IBM Warning on Optical Media
DVD Longevity Study-German
DVD Longevity Study-NIST/LC
Archive Gold type DVD-R
Tutorial:
1.Resolution          4.Transfers
2.Media                 5.Innovation
3.Archiving
Problems:
Vinegar Syndrome and Mold
FOR MOVIE FILM CLIENTS:
Dirty Film Transfer Secrets
Page 1 and Page 2
FOR VIDEO TAPE AND
ENDANGERED-DVD
CLIENTS:
Video Tape & DVD Archive Conversion
Frequently Asked Questions FAQ
about Film Transfer Products
Unsolicited Testimonials
After the transfer: Now what?
Our "Film Transfer Service"
Our "Film Transfer" Products

WEBSITE LINKS (ABOVE)

PRODUCT SUMMARIES
BELOW FOR...

Movie Film Transfer
Clients ONLY
(with our special this week)
RECEIVE THE FOLLOWING
in a typical quote:

8mm to DVD &16mm to Blu-ray Film Transfer
Physical
DVD Discs & Blu-ray Discs

6 Complete sets of DVD Discs

1 Complete set of Blu-ray Discs


1 Small Personal Player-Drive
"A Solid State DVD Player-Drive"
LOADED WITH

1 Complete set of
Error-FREE
Disc-FREE DVD Disc-Images
and
Social-Media Files
for the Internet

With it YOU can
Burn Physical DVD discs
from
Error-FREE Disc-IMAGES™".
Duplicate
Error-FREE
Disc-FREE DVD Disc-Images
Play Disc-FREE DVDs
Duplicate the Player-Drive itself

It also has an
On-Board Media-Player
for PC and Mac
On-board Tutorial

Disc-FREE DVD Player-Drive
1 Large Archive Player-Drive
LOADED WITH
everything on the
Small Personal Player-Drive
PLUS
Like Commercial Clients our
Domestic Clients Receive
COPYRIGHT ASSETS
WHICH MOST STUDIOS THROW AWAY

Copyright Assets Include:
1 Complete Set of EACH"
Digital-Film Master-Files
Primal Master-Files
Disc Error-FREE
Disc-FREE DVD Disc-IMAGES
Disc Error-FREE
Disc-FREE Blu-ray Disc-IMAGES

Large Archive Player-Drive
also has

On-board Media-Player
For PC & Mac
to check your archive

On-Board Tutorial
including a family
Strategic Archive Plan

Large Archive Player-Drive
EMPOWERS YOU & YOUR FAMILY
 to duplicate everything
 we make for you, too!

YOU and your FAMILY CAN
Duplicate Large-Player Drives™
Duplicate Small Personal Player-Drives™

Burn Physical DVD Discs
Copy Disc-FREE™ DVD Disc-IMAGES™
Play Disc-FREE DVD Disc-IMAGES™

Copy Primal Master-Files
Play
Primal Master-Files
Edit
Primal Master-Files™*

Copy Digital-Film Master-Files
Play
Digital-Film Master-Files
Edit
Digital-Film Master-Files™*

Play Social-Media Files
Copy Social-Media Files

Copy Disc-Free Blu-ray Disc-Images
Burn Blu-ray Discs*

*NOTE:
Editing requires software
Blu-ray requires software & BD burner

ABOUT YOUR
Copyright Assets

Primal Master-Files

Your Native "Capture Files"
With Color--GUARD

Engineered for Aggressive Image Enhancement

Digital-Film
for HDTV
Master-Files
Each Clip Color Enhanced by Color Artists

Each frame Re-engineered for
Real-Life Motion
& Real-life Speed
reclaiming footage form Speed Distortion.

Each frame of video re-engineered
with Hybrid Progressive-Interlace

to look like a "frame of film" --
thus the name "Digital-Film
™".

8mm to DVD &16mm to Blu-ray Film Transfer
Disc Error-FREE
Disc-FREE DVD Disc-Images
Disc-FREE Blu-ray Disc-Images

To RE-Burn Physical Discs every 5 years or as needed per National Archive Guidelines -- using "Virgin Disc-IMAGES™"

To MAKE Solid-State-DVDs
To UPLOAD to Internet
To COPY to family drives
To PLAY on Player-Drives

MiniDV Film Transfer Product
Optional:
MiniDV Digital-Film Master-Tape
for clients with
MiniDV OR HDV Camcorder

END OF WHAT
Movie Film Transfer
CLIENTS RECEIVE
in typical quote

PRODUCT SUMMARY
BELOW FOR...

DVD & Video Tape Transfer
Clients ONLY
(with our special this week)
RECEIVE THE FOLLOWING
in a typical quote:

8mm to DVD &16mm to Blu-ray Film Transfer
Physical DVD Discs
2 Complete set of DVD Discs


1 Small Personal Player-Drive
LOADED WITH
 Social-Media Files
for the Internet

With it YOU can
Duplicate Social-Media Files
Play Social-Media Files
Duplicate the Player-Drive itself
It also has an
On-Board Media-Player
for PC and Mac
On-board Tutorial

Disc-FREE DVD Player-Drive
1 Large Archive Player-Drive
LOADED WITH
everything on the
Small Personal Player-Drive
PLUS
Like Commercial Clients
Domestic Clients Receive

Copyright Assets:
1 Complete Set of EACH"
Disc Error-FREE
Digital-Film Master-Files
Disc-FREE DVD Disc-IMAGES

YOUR COPYRIGHT ASSETS
WHICH MOST STUDIOS THROW AWAY

Large Archive Player-Drive
also has

On-board Media-Player
For PC & Mac
to check your archive

On-Board Tutorial
including a family
Strategic Archive Plan

YOUR
Large Archive Player-Drive
EMPOWERS
YOU & YOUR FAMILY
to duplicate everything
we make for you, too!

YOU and your FAMILY
CAN:
Duplicate Large-Player Drive™
Duplicate Small-Personal Player-Drive

Burn Physical DVD Discs
Copy Disc-FREE DVD Disc-IMAGES
Play Disc-FREE DVD Disc-IMAGES

Copy Hybrid Master-Files

Play Social-Media Files
Copy Social-Media Files

ABOUT YOUR
Copyright Assets

Digital-Film
for HDTV
Master-Files

"Each frame of video re-engineered
with Hybrid Progressive-Interlace


For Video from a Movie Film Transfer
you receive
Real-Life Motion & Real-life Speed
to look like a frame of film."

8mm to DVD &16mm to Blu-ray Film Transfer
Disc Error-FREE
Disc-FREE DVD Discs Disc-Images
to
RE-Burn Discs
every 5 years!

To MAKE Solid-State-DVDs
To UPLOAD to Internet
To COPY to family drives
To PLAY on Player-Drives

END OF WHAT
Video Tape and DVD Transfer
CLIENTS RECEIVE
 
Copyright Notice Page

News:  All "writable" DVD discs (including "gold") are banned for "archiving purposes"  by The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) stating::

"CDs and DVDs are not an archival storage medium.  Do not rely on them to store permanent records. "
"Writable" DVD discs and CD disc have a life span of 2 to 5 years.

Sorry to Interrupt YOU...

Some people are having trouble loading all pictures from our site. The last picture on this page has
"3 empty movie film spools". If you do NOT see that picture, or big squares -- where pictures should be -- then click here for  "Page Refresh" ;OR


2) Click you "Reload" / "Refresh" icon on your browser (in red circle). Thank you. Bruce

Click National Archives Newsletter, to read if for yourself. 

What the National Archives know that you do not -- "in a Nut-Shell..."

  1. DVD RECORDERS "slash" DVD DISC longevity -- by decades -- even "gold discs". This was the REASON for the NIST / Library of Congress Optical Disc Longevity Study. The means YOUR DVD RECORDER, TOO -- AND ALL DVDS YOU HAVE BURNED TO "PRESERVE" YOUR MOST IMPORTANT DATA! Immediately after RECORDING a "writable DVD (DVD-R, DVD-RW), many "data block" are "on the brink of failure". AIR is enough to push some data block to fail. The National Achieves says 2 to 5 years ONLY. In The German, International Longevity Study "The Relative Stabilities of Optical Disc Formats" -- 92% of all writable DVD disc fail the "longevity test".
  2. Writable DVDs store both YOUR data and RECORD ERRORS in the "light sensitive" , "unstable" Dye Layer of the DVD. Data ERRORS continue to accumulate -- after recording -- due to AGING and due light and air and "normal wear" -- until "drop-out" or "sudden death" of DVD.
  3. There is a "technology shift" -- away from DVDs.. Like CD discs, DVD "disc" technology is being supplanted by Internet video technology and "solid state technology".. DVD disc and players are going the way of CDs and vinyl record players and "floppy drives".
  4. Given ALL the above, a "writable" DVD is NOT considered "long term storage". DVD are "short term" storage ONLY - 2 to 5 years! They need to be "refreshed" (re-recorded) periodically -- from their DVD disc image file.

This ALL is "Standard Knowledge" in the "Archive Industry" -- and the National Archives are the Standard-Bearer".
Companies that do NOT tell you these facts are "negligent"-- or worse -- if they sell you a DVD -- as an Archive..

News: The concept of "archiving" to DVD discs -- of any kind -- is a "last century" concept.  OLD Archive Theory tied "content" to "physical media" -- for a long time -- making both "content" and "media"  vulnerable to "technology shifts".
Old "archive concepts" were NON-FUNCTIONAL. Add to this the probability that writable DVD discs WILL FAIL in about 5 years, and you have a formula for disaster.

News: New Modern Archive Theory frees "video content" from "physical media" -- for all time -- making the archive immune to technology shifts. The NEW MODERN ARCHIVE is loaded with FUNCTION -- that perpetuates the archive itself -- to an unlimited life span -- through faithful replication -- generation to generation -- free of any media..

OUR ARCHIVE STANDARDS EXCEED STANDARDS OF THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES

OUR CLIENTS RECEIVE THIS TYPE OF ARCHIVE -- WITH THIS LEVEL OF LONGEVITY!

We make thousands of DVD disc each year!  However...
We do NOT sell DVD discs -- even "Archive Gold DVD" discs -- as being "archive worthy".  In our opinion, they are not!

What this means to you...

Our Video Archives are NOT Theory -- they are a Reality Now! For about the same price a buying "just a DVD", YOU can both make and play YOUR own DVD discs (last decade's technology), but you can also things called "Solid State DVDs" (this decade's technology -- see our Player-Drives). Our clients (YOU) have Hard Drives are "smart drives" -- drives which not only "store" their videos -- but also "play them" -- and our drives assist our clients in the re-making of every product -- WE MAKE FOR THEM! (more on all this later).

Words are cheap. but

PICTURES WORTH A THOUSAND WORDS
Leave you speechless.

Take a LQQK at how we can change your video into Digital-Film.

Examples of Video Problem-Solving:

NOTE: Movie Film Transfer: All Master-Files are in Progressive Scan. The bulk of this website addresses 8mm and 16mm movie film transfer.  If you would like to proceed to Dirty Little Secrets of Movie Film Transfer click here.

The samples below are "special problems" for clients with endangered DVD discs, or video tapes -- of any kind.
These are "real frames" from "real footage" from "real people" -- like you.

The way a Motion Pictures studio handles MOTION in MOTION PICTURES is IMPORTANT!

For Example: ALL of our video ends up as Progressive Scan; however, most video starts out a Interlaced.  Whether we are working with 1080i for HDTV, or DVD video (yes DVD is interlaced), or working with legacy video from VHS tape,  Preservation of "motion" -- in MOTION PICTURES -- is very important.  Here is ONE WAY we do that.

Frame A: BEFORE (400x Zoom)
FRAME A IS ACTUALLY FROM 2 FRAMES OF VIDEO
BLENDED INTO A TRANSITIONAL INTERLACED FRAME WITH ODD/EVEN FIELDS.
FLAGS, CAMERA, AND VIDEO FRAME ARE ALL MOVING!
FRAME "A" IS ABOUT AS BAD AS MOTION IN VIDEO CAN GET!
"HAND HELD" SHOT WITH CAMERA MOVING -- SHOOTNG MOVING OBJECTS
This is what you give us to work with...
There can be no doubt these flags are in MOTION!

Frame B: Below: After:  (400x Zoom)
We turned this (above) into this (below)
A Hybrid Re-Engineered Frame -- made from the "mess above".
Notice the "subtle motion" of flags.
We call this "Digital-Film".

Why is this important to YOU?
To the human eye, real-life motion "looks like" Frame B (below) -- not like Frame A (above).
At 30 frames per second, the human eye (YOU) can see frames like Frame A (above) or like Frame B (below).
Which frame would you rather look at - on your NICE NEW BIG HDTV?
Which frame would you rather "pass on" -- to future generations?

(No Picture (above or below)? Click here for  "Page Refresh")

Frame B: AFTER (400x Zoom)
This is what we give you in return!

           Frame C: (below) This is the Digital-Film for HDTV
It is TRUE PROGRESSIVE SCAN -- WITH NO LOSS IN RESOLUTION

Notice the "slight blur" over-all, which will makes this frame a nice "transitional motion" frame --
to be sandwiched between two perfectly stationary frames.

The way a Motion Pictures studio handles MOTION in YOUR MOTION PICTURES is IMPORTANT!

(No Picture (above or below)? Click here for  "Page Refresh")

But Digital-Film is where the quality STARTS -- not where it ENDS.
Our "Dual-Pass Rendering Methods" -- for making your DVD and Blu-ray products --
re-maps images like Frame B (above) with "normal frames" for images that are "better than the original".
 

CLICK HERE TO WATCH THIS CLIP IN MOTION
Yes, the "moving" clip - with Hybrid Re-Engineering --  is 1) sharp and 2) fluid!
That is why we call it Digital-Film!

"The way a Motion Pictures studio handles YOUR MOTION in YOUR MOTION PICTURES is IMPORTANT!"

Damaged Video: 3-Color Displacement

VHS video with gross 3-Color Displacement-- 200 zoom
Notice Color Displacement on actor's epaulets and metals
onto blue shirt.

We restored the Fourth Generation video above TO the video below.
Using our new 3-Color Displacement Restoration.

Just by LQQking, anyone can SEE...
OUR VIDEO IS BETTER THAN YOUR ORIGINAL
(more on this in our Video Tape Services



HIGHLIGHTS OF OUR ACCOMPLISHMENTS

As 16mm and 8mm film transfer subcontractors and preservationist, we have direct and indirect client affiliation with FOX, NBC and PBS. Other commercial interests -- include many private movie ventures and societies. As such, we have worked with some of the oldest movie films in the US and with movie films that can only be termed “national treasures” -- a few of them "Legendary" -- as follow:

  • Admiral Byrd’s 1935 expedition to Antarctica (16mm) National treasure owned by private investor.
  • Expedition into the Nyragongo Volcano in 1958 (8mm) -one of the first ever filmed - National treasure owned by private investor.
  • 1940 Ringling Circus archives (16mm) National treasure owned by private investor.
  • Pre-Modern Indigenous People of Taiwan and Philippines (8mm) -- shot by the first missionaries to those areas – pre WWII -- the oldest films known to exist of the indigenous people of Taiwan and Philippines. (National Archives: Taiwan and the Philippines).
  • "Oldest" known films of Tucson, Arizona (16mm) -- kept in "deep freeze" for over 50 years.
  • First Auto Races on the Beach of Daytona Beach (National treasure owned by private investor).
  • Emperor of Japan -- personal news correspondent's Pre-WWII World-wide Film Report (16mm) (National treasure of Japan - private investor) – tour of all national powers -- in preparation for WWII and
  • 1942 Philippines’ Los Banos Japanese Prison Rescue (16mm) (public domain) largest “last minute” prison rescue in WWII history -- (1,200 POWs) Living skeletons. Footage of prisoners from Taiwan, the Philippines -- and US.
  • National Archives of both the US and England (8mm) -- recently "declassified" footage "of interest" by both the US Defense Department and Scotland Yard -- for national security. This historical footage is being studied, frame-by-frame, by 2 major universities.

  • Rodeo Hall of Fame -- The Great Rodeo Clown -- and the bulls he made "Laughing Stock".

We have produced historical films for countless cities and towns, fire departments, football teams, State and Federal government archives, hundreds of hours on Vietnam, declassified ballistic missile test on high speed film, etc. -- the list goes on, now, for about 20 years.

SITE MAP
to film-to-dvd.com
Dirty Film Transfer Secrets™ Buyers Guide™ - 16mm  film Super 8 film 8mm film
:

Home of film-to-dvd.com  for 8mm film, 16mm film, and Super 8 film - Film Transfer YOU ARE HERE NOW.
If you are here for synthetic 24 fps16mm film, you are at the wrong Film Transfer service -- unless you want a 15fps synchronization for FX and speed alterations.
If you have profound vinegar syndrome, we can refer you to the last company left that can work with your  8mm film, 16mm film, Super 8 film with vinegar syndrome.

NOTE: This Site Map is the same as the Navigation bar on the left side of each page.

About Us.

Dirty DVD Trade Secrets
Analysis of Longevity Studies -- a very brief comparison of the two Major DVD-R Longevity Studies
National Archives Newsletter -- what Guidelines on DVD-R disc for Departments of the US National Archives

IBM Warning on Optical Media -- IBM Guidelines on Optical Storage
DVD Longevity Study-German -- The German / International Longevity Study Finding on DVD-R Disc -- reference by US National Archives
DVD Longevity Study-NIST -- The NIST / Library of Congress Longevity Study -- NOT reference by US National Archives
Archive Gold type DVD-R -- FOOL'S GOLD? FACTS, manufactures AND "big box" "transfer mills" do NOT want you to know.

Dirty Film Transfer Secrets -- of 8mm to DVD & Super 8 Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for):
8mm Film Transfer Dirty-Secrets: Page 1  -- 16mm, Super 8, 8mm Film Transfer: Overview and Summary of Dirty Film Transfer Secrets of 8mm Film Transfer Industry
8mm Film Transfer Dirty-Secrets: Page 2  -- 16mm, Super 8, 8mm Film Transfer: In-Depth Dirty Film Transfer Secrets of 8mm Film Transfer Industry -- will blow your mind!

Tutorial:
1.Resolution  Best-Fit™ the resolution of your tiny 8mm with that of your 8mm Film Format --
"Pixel-to-Grain™" - for the best Film Transfer. Hyper-Formatting film will kill true, native resolution.
2.Media        The good bad and ugly of different media -- including 8mm film transfer to DVD
3.Archiving    Film Transfer to DVD is NOT enough!  In the absence of your 8mm film, you MUST have a near-equivalent Digital-Film Master Video.  DVD alone will not do!
4.Transfers    8mm Film Transfer is only ONE STEP in a Multi-step process to Multiple mediums -- if done right.

5.Innovation   Our newest Solid State Archive Solutions -- Home Movies Player
Player-Drives -- using State-of-the-Art DISC-Free™ Disc-IMAGE technology.

Problems:
Vinegar Syndrome and Mold

Our Products-- made from YOUR 16mm, Super 8, 8mm Film Transfer State-of-the-Art DISC-Free™ Disc-IMAGE technology on Solid State Products you will NOT see anywhere else.

Our Service -- Private and Subcontractor Accomplishments    We have produced some of the great "National Treasures" of our nation; we can add you name to the list.

Frequently
Asked
Questions
about Products & Services

Testimonials -- On 16mm film, 8mm film, Super 8 film transfers. Unsolicited comments AFTER "Paying and Approving" our film transfer service.

After the film transfer :Now what do I do?

Contact Us and Request Your 16mm, Super 8, 8mm Film Transfer Price Quotation DVDs PLUS State-of-the-Art DISC-Free™ Disc-IMAGE technology on Solid State Products -- at DVD only prices! 

Special Promotional Offer: I try to do something special in my special!

 

16mm film 8mm film Super 8 film Film Transfer Comparisons

PRIMER

No Picture (above or below)? Click here for  "Page Refresh"

To Arm For Beginners
A little Primer on 16mm, Regular 8mm and Super 8mm Film
1) Identify 8mm or 16mm film you have, and
2) Basic "Film Transfer" Speeds for your film.

The following tutorial on 16mm, Regular 8mm, and Super 8mm film -- which will help you both  identify and date the
16mm, Regular 8mm, and Super 8mm film movie films that you have -- for film transfer.

I HAVE LOCATED THIS PRIMER ON MY FIRST PAGE,
SO YOU CAN FIND IT (AGAIN) QUICK AND EASY -- TO FIGURE OUT WHAT KIND OF FILM YOU HAVE.
IF YOU NEED HELP, THE BEST TIME TO CALL US IS MON THU SAT -- 2PM TO 7PM MOUNTAIN STANDARD TIME.
MY STAFF OR I WILL BE HAPPY TO HELP YOU FIGURE IT ALL OUT AND ANSWER QUESTIONS!
575-377-1001 (SOME CELL PHONES DO NOT LIKE A "1" IN FRONT OF THIS NUMBER.  OUR PHONE DOES WORK)

How to Identify, Date, and Speed-rate Your Movie Film for Film Transfer::
Picture (Above) shows examples of "small format" movie films

16mm movie film,
Regular 8mm film (also called Standard 8mm film) and
Super 8 movie film.

16mm was invented before Regular 8mm and Super 8mm films.  16mm film was made from "hand-milled" silver halide -- the grains of which were very large compared to later films.  Although 16mm is 4 times the size of Regular 8mm film and Super 8mm film, the resolution of the film is comparable to that of Super 8mm and some later dating Also, 16mm film was shot and run at 16fps in the early 1900's.  Modern versions of 16mm film are run at 24 fps -- which actually makes 16mm film a "hybrid" format -- with one foot in the "small format film industry"  and one foot in the "large format film industry". 

It is because of this dual role of 16mm film, that '8mm to DVD & Super 8 Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for) can "get away with" talking about film and equipment in broad terms and then implying that what is "good" for large format films -- like captures with "irregular pull-down patterns" -- is likewise, "good" for "small format films".  In truth the converse ONLY is true, that what is "good" for "small format films" -- like synchronizations at "15fps" -- is also "good" for "large format films" -- but NOT VISA VERSA.

Regular 8mm Film and 16mm Film

Rough Dating of Movie Film:
16mm film - silent -- 1923 to Early 1960's.

16mm film - sound - 1935 to present.
Regular 8mm film, Standard 8 mm -- Late 1932 thru 1990s.
Super 8 film -- Introduced in 1965 to present.

Correct Film Transfer Speeds:
Silent 16mm film - silent -15 fps or 16 fps (with exceptions) with 40 frames per foot
Regular 8mm film - silent -15 fps or 16 fps. with 80 frames per foot

NOTE: 8mm to DVD & Super 8 Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for) transfer this at 20 fps
Introducing a 20% "real-time" distortion - 12 minutes lost per hr.

Super 8mm Film

Super 8 Film was "shot" usually 18 fps; commercially 24 fps and has 72 frames per foot
Super 8 Movie cameras and projectors had "variable speeds".

Correct Film Transfer Speeds:
Super 8 film "silent", 18 fps
Super 8 film "sound", 18 fps OR 24 fps.
NOTE: 8mm to DVD & Super 8 Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for) transfer this at 20 fps
Introducing a 10% "real-time" distortion - 6 minutes lost per hour.

NOTSuper 8 Film Sound for Film TransferE: Super 8 Sound Film has "magnetic" sound tracks glued on both edges of the "under-side" of the film which looks like 2 copper colored stripes
(see to left).

 

 

 

16mm film Optical Sound track for Film TransferCommercial Film: Super 8 Sound and 16mm Sound: Usually "optical" sound tracks.

(Black squiggly tracks: right)==>

Both 16mm movie film and Super 8 movie COMMERCIAL films, were "shot and run" at 24 fps - ONLY.
Most domestic clients, with rare exceptions, do NOT have "commercial films" with "optical sound tracks".

16mm film 8mm film Super 8 film for Film Transfer
Holes Along the Edge of the Film
(see picture above):
The size of the holes are the same for both 16mm film and 8mm film.
Some 16mm has only one set of holes -- like Regular 8 film. 
Spacing of the holes in 16mm movie film is different than Regular 8mm film -- also called  Standard 8 film.

Super 8 movie film has smaller holes - less than half the size of Regular 8mm movie film. Spacing is different.
Correct Film Transfer is very different for each.

Reels or Spools (see Regular 8 mm pictures below):

Hole in Center of Reel or Spool:
Early 16mm and Regular 8mm film: the hole in a spool was
1) the size of a number 2 pencil  -- on one side of the spool -- and 2) square and roughly the same size -- on the other side of the spool.

Later, 16mm spools standardized with a square hole.
Later, Regular 8mm spools standardized with a round hole -- with a notch on one side of the reel or both.

Super 8 spool: The hole in the spool was the size of your "pinky finger" and round on both sides of the spool.

8mm Film Boxes of "double 8" for 8mm Film Transfer

Standard 8mm movie film, 95 percent of the time, is on a grey plastic, 3 inch spool and came in a Yellow cardboard box -- for mailing.

Double 8 movie film came in a yellow box roughly 1 inch thick.
Single 8 also called Standard 8 came in a yellow box roughly 1/2 inch thick.

Both types of  films -- collectively -- are called Regular 8mm film or 8mm film and, before 1965, usually fond on little grey plastic reels -- with excepts around 1942  (see history below), and 1965 (more follows)..

Super 8 movie film (introduced in 1965) was sold and processed on 50 foot spools -- which were usually a blue cover with a white plastic spool.. Rarely covers were also red, yellow, green, black, and white.

About that same  time (1965), Regular 8mm film began to appear spooled onto white plastic reels with blue covers, too.. The hole in those spools was the size of a number 2 pencil or standard pen. Most easily confused with Super 8 film.

ATTENTION:: It is very common for Regular 8mm film to be on a Super 8 spool and Super 8, on a Regular 8mm spool -- by mistake of family members. When in doubt, look at the film itself and the size of the holes in the film -- not the spool.

HISTORICAL NOTE - TO HELP DATE AND IDENTIFY: Earliest Regular 8mm or Standard 8  film was called Double 8, because it was sold as 25 feet of 16mm film. It was called a "25 foot Double 8".

The tell-tell oversized, yellow box contained a tiny back metal canister -- sealed with black cotton tape -- to protect the brown, unexposed 16mm film inside. 

The 16mm film was "double exposed" -- in 2 passes. Each pass -- exposing the entire length of the 16mm wide film -- but only exposed an 8mm wide strip along the length of the16mm film.

The cameraman would shoot one pass and then flip the 16mm film in the camera -- to shoot the second pass. This accounts for the "flashes of yellow light" half-way through early Regular 8mm films.

At the time of film processing, the 16mm film was developed and then split down the center -- thus creating 2 strips of 8mm film.. The two ends of the (now 8mm) film was glued together in the center and spooled onto
Empty 8mm Film Transfer spools from actual Film Transfer
1) a black or aluminum metal reel (pre-WWII) (left top), or 
2) a cardboard reel (WWII) (center bottom), or
3) a grey plastic reel (post-WWII) (right top)

as a 50 foot spool of 8mm film. This is nice to know if you need to date reels of film.

The Double 8: Standard 8mm reel of film was shipped back to owner in the same oversize yellow box -- now twice the width of the Standard 8mm reel of film inside.

NOTE: Many times the cameraman would forget that the film had already been exposed and flipped -- and would expose the same edge twice.  Thus "double exposures" were created on Double 8 film.

 

(click here for ==>)  Dirty "Film Transfer" Secrets™ -- 8mm to DVD & Super 8 Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for) do NOT want you to know!

TECHNICAL NOTES (VERY BORING)
ON MOVIE FILM TRANSFER SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS:

The "tech note" below  is on film transfer semantics on 16mm, Regular 8mm, and Super 8mm film.  Most readers have some "flavor" of Regular 8mm film or Super 8 film. Therefore, I do not specifically state the words "16mm film" -- every time I mention Super 8 film or Regular 8mm film -- when talking about film transfers to DVD or Master Files. Instead, I just talk about  Regular 8, and Super 8 film to video film transfers  -- with the ASSUMPTION THAT ALL PRINCIPLES APPLY TO 16MM FILM AS WELL.

The same applies to visual and non-visual illustrations -- using  8mm film or Super 8 film or film transfer.  Illustrations about REGULAR 8MM FILM ALSO APPLIES to SILENT 16MM FILM -- as Regular 8mm film -- (see photos above) in may cases IS SILENT 16MM FILM -- "SPLIT IN HALF -- DOWN THE CENTER" literally.

A 16mm film transfer can be much more complex than a 8mm or Super 8 film transfer -- because 16mm film was used domestically, commercially -- as 16mm silent and 16mm sound -- and shot at 1 of 3 speeds -- even early century 1900s. Also 16mm movie film is OLDER and usually is in some stage of "vinegar syndrome".   After you get a film transfer quote, you are advised to call me about your 16mm film for a free 16mm film transfer "evaluation and consult".

I use Regular 8mm or Super 8 terms generically -- for example:

Super 8mm to DVD,
Super 8mm film transfer,
8mm film to H.264,
Super 8mm film transfer,
Single 8mm movie film to HDTV Blu-ray,
Standard 8mm movie film to video,
Double 8mm movie film to video,
8mm to video,
8mm movie to video,
8mm telecine,
movie 8mm film transfer,
8mm film transfer,
Ektasound 8mm to DVD,
Ektachrome 8mm to DVD,
Kotachrome 8mm to DVD.
Film to video,
Film to Flash Drive,
Film to Hard Drive,
Film to Blu-ray, etc

ALL these film transfer phrases refer generically to some "film to video film transfer process" of converting film to digital video unless otherwise stated specifically..

Even though my film transfer terminology may be specific to a stated gauge of film -- Regular 8mm film, Super 8 film, or 16mm film -- you may expand any reference to any gauge of film into a generalized concept that can be applied to all small film formats -- and film transfers -- UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED

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