Virtually-For-EVER™ Virtual-Reality™ Transfers
16mm 8mm Super 8 Movie Film
Video8 Hi8 D8 MiniDV VHS VHS-C

Virtual-IMAGE-N-eering™: Re-engineering "Physical-Film images" as self-sustainable "Virtual-Film™ Images". In honor of Walt Disney, who coined the term "Imagineering".

8mm 16mm Super 8 Film & Video Tape

Your Virtual-Transfers™
Stand On the Shoulders of Our Accomplishments:

As Virtual-IMAGE-N-eers™,

  • we have worked with some of the oldest
  • most historically valuable movie films
  • that can only be termed “International Treasures” --
  • a few of them "Legendary International Treasures" --
  • which you may have seen on TV as follow:

16mm and Standard 8mm Movie Virtual-Film Transfers:

  • Emperor of Japan's Private News Reels
    Collection of Imperial Correspondent's Pre-WWII World-wide Film Report (16mm)
    International Treasure.
  • Admiral Byrd’s 1935 Expedition to Antarctica (16mm)
    International Treasure
  • Nyiragongo Volcano 1958 Expedition (Standard 8mm movie)
    International Treasure
  • Ringling Circus 1940 archives (16mm)
    National Treasure
  • Tribal Traditions of Taiwan and Philippine Natives 1920's (Standard 8mm movie)
    National Archives of Taiwan and the Philippines
    International Treasure
  • Daytona Beach First Auto Race(s) "on the beach"
    National Treasure
  • 1942 Philippines’ Los Banos Japanese Prison Rescue (16mm)
    International Treasure.
  • Chicago Riots / Scotland Yard Riots
    Historical Treasure
  • Rodeo Hall of Fame: The Great Rodeo Clown and the bulls he made "Laughing Stock".
    National Treasure.
  • Rail Road Film Archives (8 and 16mm): Rail Road (RR)
    National Treasure.
  • Tucson, Arizona "Oldest" known films (16mm)
    National Treasure.
  • PBS Special: Ithaca, NY
    National Treasure.
  • The Killington Ski Resort Archives
    Private Collection destined as National Treasure
  • We have produced historical films for countless
    • cities and towns,
    • fire departments,
    • football teams,
    • State and Federal government archives,
    • Vietnam War footage - hundreds of hours,
    • Declassified ballistic missile test -- high speed film,
    • Declassified Remote Sensing, etc.
  • Private Clients - with international recognition

Yet none of the above is more important -- to your family -- than
YOUR Family's Home Movie Films!

Adding YOUR Priceless Images to Our List of Accomplishments:

Our Clients Expect...

The highest quality Virtual-Film Transfer possible

  • Custom Clip-by-Clip Post-production
  • Image and Color Enhancement
  • Separate from the "capture/transfer" process,
  • Images better than the original movie film --
  • Using a Pay-as-You-Approve Business Model
    • In your OWN Home;
    • On your OWN Equipment

  • Each Virtual-Disc Product in your Virtually-For-EVER Library
    • has its own Universal-Virtual-Container™(UVC™)
    • Allowing it to play, copy, clone, transmit, or "burned"
    • Using any computer platform or virtual platform
    • Like Mac, PC, Parallels, Linux, Unix, etc.
    • Or Customized Requests

  • Virtual-DVD and Virtual-Blu-rays
    • for true Millennium Longevity
    • for Virtual-Transport, Cloud-Cloning, Disc-Burning

  • Physical-DVD and Physical-Blu-ray
    • or family enjoyment
    • conventional gifting

  • MP4 Virtual-Containers for WWW-publication

  • We protect our clients by refusing to provide services which are below our standards -- like Virtualizing tiny 8mm film to 4X video format.


Professional Copyrighted-Asset Management

  • Giving Clients ALL foundation-products of Physcial-Products
  • Giving them Legal "ownership and possession" of
    • Video Products created in the process of making DVD, Blu-rays, etc.
      • like "master files"
      • like "disc images"
  • Containerizing "assets" as "device-free" and "media-free" virtual products
    • Truly Independent "VIRTUAL" Products
    • Which can be duplicated and preserved -- Virtually-For-EVER™ --
    • Exceeding National Archive Standards
    • Exceeding Library of Congress Standards
    • Public Services -- Just like services for Commercial Clients.


Very Important Notice:

We treat "Consumer" Clients just like "Commercial" Clients.

We do not deprive Consumer Clients of their "legal rights and property" -- which we call Copyrighted Assets -- which Consumer Clients may not even know they have.

The practice of denying and disposing of Copyrighted Assets -- without the knowledge and agreement of a client -- is NOT tolerated in Commercial Archive Commerce;

HOWEVER, this practice IS "common practice" in Consumer Archive Commerce.

For Example: PBS, FOX, NBC, and Private Investors would sue me, if I am paid to produced a DVD for them -- without giving them

  • their Virtual-DVD "disc image" (a foundation-product) -- and
  • their "master files" (a foundation-product) -- also made -- as part of the process - of making DVD Discs --
  • because Implied Copyrighted-Assets™ are foundation-products OF THEIR DVD!

By commercial standards,

  • the "master file" (foundation-product) is considered MORE IMPORTANT
  • than the "DVD Disc Image"(foundation-product) --
  • which is considered MORE IMPORTANT
  • than the DVD Disc (end product).


  1. The Master-File is used to make "other" products -- like Blu-ray, MP4, etc.
  2. The DVD Disc-Image is used to make many (sometimes millions) of DVD discs.

The National Archives & Records Administration (NARA) says:

  • CDs and DVDs are not an archival storage medium. Do not rely on them to store permanent records.
  • CD-R/DVD-R have an expected life expectancy of only 2-5 years, far shorter than the published claims of many manufacturers. Test them every 2 years to be sure they are still readable. Unrecorded CDs and DVDs (properly stored) have a useful shelf life of between 5 and 10 years.

This "archive standard" creates a liability of disclosure, truth in advertising, and protection from damages (from DVDs) for ALL companies, especially those selling "Archive Services and Archive Products".

All this is "understood" to be "The Law of Commerce" in Commercial Archive Services or Commercial Studio Services -- and among Commercial Clients -- and their lawyers.

To vary from this standard for a "Single Mother" -- depriving her of her rights and of her Implied Copyrighted Assets is discrimination -- if not fraud -- since the DVD itself is a "temporary product" -- sold as an "archive product" -- a loss which will damage a family.

We assumed that YOU, the client, have implied or undeclared "copyrights" on YOUR home movies; and these copyrights extend to ALL foundation-products made in the process of making FINAL PRODUCTS -- from YOUR home movies -- ALL OF WHICH YOU PAY FOR -- when you "order a DVD" -- MADE FROM FROM YOUR HOME MOVIE FILMS OR VIDEO TAPES.

We also assume discarding YOUR Copyrighted Assets -- or charging YOU extra (twice) for them -- is WRONG!

This why we, do NOT take production short-cuts -- that would deprive you of any Copyright Assets (another common "consumer archive" practice).

We advise a client that if they requesting a method of production that would diminish the quality of their Copyrighted Assets -- like Hyper-Formatting a Master-File from tiny 8mm film.

These types of "disclosures" are commonly omitted from "Consumer Archive" Practices.

We have NEVER sold a DVD "as an archive medium"; but have always given clients their "Copyrighted Assets" to replace and reproduce EVERYTHING, as need or wanted.

All "Commercial Video Studios and Archive Services companies KNOW ALL THIS;

Yet many of them have a "double standard".

Why is this Important To You?

The loss of your home movies is second only to the loss of a beloved family member.

Proof of this, is that when families lose their homes (to fires, tornados, etc.) the first thing they look for are 1) other family members, 2) pets, and 3) pictures.

Home movies are a final connection to "lost loved ones" and "the times of your life". Just knowing "you CAN revisit the past" and "revisit living images of yourself and loved-ones" is an emotional comfort and security. And, when you are gone, your family will more-so cherish their home movies -- because they are the final, last link to you -- the next best thing to the "real YOU". Knowing YOU is a right of all future generations -- which we make happen!

Master-files and disc-images belong to a family -- by legal virtue of the family "ordering and paying for the creation of a physical DVD".

Giving a family possession of their "DVD disc image" allows the family to make replace DVDs and make AS MANY NEW DVDs -- as they need or want -- as are lost, or damaged; and as DVDs expire -- every 5 years, according to NARA; and,

Giving a family possession of their "master-files" allows them to make "other products", like products for the Internet -- when DVDs are no longer the technical fade of the era -- to protect and preserve a family's Home Movie Archive Investment -- Virtually-For-EVER!

Why? Because, the DVD industry will soon be a footnote in history books -- like "music CDs" and "vinyl records" and "video tape" industries.

The BIG REASON is that having these Copyright Assets protects the family from fiscal or emotional losses and damages to the family -- due to the loss of their visual history in moving images. Family identity is important!

There is MUCH MORE to learn about Your Copyrighted Assets at this link.

My Point is,

All YOUR Copyrighted Assets are in YOUR
Virtually-For-EVER Home-Movie Library!

Our image preservation archive standards meet and exceed

  • The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and
  • The Library of Congress

Namely, our Virtually-For-Ever™ Virtual-Library™ System

We are honored to add your "home movie" images

    • to our list of world-class accomplishments
    • to add your name to the names of our world-class clients
    • to give you "World Class Quality"
    • to give you ALL YOUR legal Copyright Assets -- to YOUR "home movies"
    • to give your "home movies" Virtually-For-Ever™ Longevity

Why? Because "home movies" document "True Americans" and "True American Traditions" and "True American Communities" and the "TRUTH" of what made America great -- the American Family. Families who trusted more in God, than in Government; who taught their children that their "word" -- and freedom to "speak the truth" -- was more important than "politically correct rhetoric" (a politically correct way to say "lies").

Home Movies must be preserved -- to preserve the memory of the "American Family".


My best kept secret -- is our Staff.

Our staff works as a team on each project. They might work on a "National Treasure" one day and on your "Private Collection" the next.

They KNOW YOU are special and KNOW all our clients, by name. They value all your home movies -- for what they are -- and they "Virtual-IMAGE-N-eer™" them -- to be all that they can be.

They are Artists, in their own right, and your "home movies" becomes their ART. That's why their names become part of your video credits -- along with my name. For this reason, my name, and theirs, on your product is a "stamp of quality" -- and PRIDE!

Business Model:

We produce in Budgeted Production Segments (Cycles)

"You Pay as You Approve" -- just like a Professional Client -

      • Previewing hourly production segments
      • as a finished product
      • in your own home
      • on your own equipment
      • with a 100% money back guarantee
      • with you in control of Production-Payment Cycles
      • to start or stop your project for any reason.
      • YOU are our Quality Control Department
      • YOU are our "Client" -- not "a shopper"!

If you don't believe me, see our Special Promotion and Request a Quote!

Even if you do NOT use our services, please read my website -- to help you make the best decision to protect your film and family. I am currently rewriting the entire site, so please forgive errors, omissions and typographical errors.

The following link takes you to a logical introduction to my site and products. The

informaion after this links is only for idenifying types of movies in preparation for requesting a quote.

Introduction to Virtually-For-Ever™ Services & Products



8mm 16mm Movie Film Identification:

The primer (below) is on my first page, so you can find it (again) to figure out what kind of film you have. Please BOOKMARK this page.

Contact information:

My staff or I will be happy to help you with your film. If you need help identifying film, organizing film, numbering film -- or general questions -- just call us:

Mon though Sat – 2 PM to 7 PM Mountain Standard Time.

Phone: 575-377-1001

Special Offer for Entire Virutally-For-EVER™ Home-Movie Library

Request a Price Quote

IMPORTANT NOTE: Reportedly, some cell phones do not like a "1" in front of this number.  Error messages include "invalid number" or "number disconnected". I assure you our phones do work!



<b>16mm film</b> 
    <b>8mm film</b><b>Super 8mm</b>film Film Transfer Comparisons (PICTURE)

16mm Film, 8mm Film & Super 8 Film PRIMER

For Beginners...

A little Primer on 16mm film, Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) and Super 8mm movie film.

The following tutorial is for people new to

This primer will help you both identify and date
16mm film, Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film), and Super 8mm movie films that you have -- for film transfer.

How to Identify, Date, and Speed-rate Your Movie film for Film Transfer :
Picture (Above) shows examples of "small format" movie film s

16mm movie film,
Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) (also called Standard 8mm movie film ) and
Super 8mm movie movie film.

16mm was invented before Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) and Super 8mm movie films. 16mm movie film was made from "hand-milled" Silver halide -- the grains of which were very large compared to later films. Although 16mm is 4 times the size of Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) and Super 8mm movie film, the resolution of the film is comparable to that of Super 8mm movie film and some later dating Also, 16mm movie film was shot and run at 16fps in the early 1900's. Modern versions of 16mm movie film are run at 24 fps -- which actually makes 16mm movie film a "hybrid" format -- with one foot in the "small format film industry" and one foot in the "large format film industry".

It is because of this dual role of 16mm movie film, that '8mm Film-Transfer Mills™ can "get away with" talking about film and equipment in broad terms and then implying that what is "good" for large format films -- like captures with "irregular pull-down patterns" -- is likewise, "good" for "small format films". In truth the converse ONLY is true, that what is "good" for "small format films" -- like synchronizations at "15fps" -- is also "good" for "large format films" -- but NOT VISA VERSA.

Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) and 16mm movie film

Rough Dating of Movie film :
16mm movie film - silent -- 1923 to Early 1960's.
16mm movie film - sound - 1935 to present.
Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film), Standard 8mm movie film -- Late 1932 thru 1990s.
Super 8mm movie film -- Introduced in 1965 to present.

Correct Film Transfer Speeds:
Silent 16mm film - silent -15 fps or 16 fps (with exceptions) with 40 frames per foot
Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) film - silent -15 fps or 16 fps. with 80 frames per foot

NOTE: 8mm Film-Transfer Mills™ transfer this at 20 fps
Introducing a 20% "real-time" distortion - 12 minutes lost per hour.

Super 8mm movie film

Super 8mm movie film was" Shot" usually 18 fps; commercially 24 fps and has 72 frames per foot
Super 8mm movie Movie cameras and projectors had "variable speeds".

Correct Film Transfer Speeds:
Super 8mm movie film" Silent", 18 fps
Super 8mm movie film" Sound", 18 fps OR 24 fps.
NOTE: 8mm Film-Transfer Mills™ transfer this at 20 fps
Introducing a 10% "real-time" distortion - 6 minutes lost per hour.

Super 8 Film Sound for Film Transfer (Click to Refresh Pictures) NOTE: Super 8 Sound film has "magnetic" Sound tracks glued on both edges of the "under-side" of the film which looks like 2 copper colored stripes (see above).

<b>16mm film</b> Optical Sound track for Film Transfer (Click to Refresh Pictures) Commercial film : Super 8mm movie Sound and 16mm Sound: Usually "optical" Sound tracks. (Black squiggly tracks: above)

Both 16mm movie film and Super 8mm movie movie COMMERCIAL films, were" Shot and run" at 24 fps - ONLY.
Most domestic clients, with rare exceptions, do NOT have "commercial films" with "optical sound tracks".

<b>16mm film</b> <b>8mm film</b><b>Super 8mm</b>film for Film Transfer (Click to Refresh Pictures)
Holes Along the Edge of the film (see picture above) :
The size of the holes are the same for both 16mm movie film and Standard 8mm movie film.
Some 16mm has only one set of holes -- like Regular 8 film.
Spacing of the holes in 16mm movie film is different than Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) -- also called Standard 8 film.

Super 8mm movie movie film has smaller holes - less than half the size of Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) movie film. Spacing is different.
Correct Film Transfer is very different for each.

Reels or Spools (see Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) pictures below):

Hole in Center of Reel or Spool:
Early 16mm and Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film): the hole in a spool was
1) the size of a number 2 pencil -- on one side of the spool -- and 2) square and roughly the same size -- on the other side of the spool.

Later, 16mm spools standardized with a square hole.
Later, Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) spools standardized with a round hole -- with a notch on one side of the reel or both.

Super 8mm movie spool: The hole in the spool was the size of your "pinky finger" and round on both sides of the spool.

8mm Film Boxes of "double 8" for <b>8mm film</b> Transfer (Click to Refresh Pictures)

Standard 8mm movie film , 95 percent of the time, is on a grey plastic, 3 inch spool and came in a Yellow cardboard box -- for mailing.

Double 8 movie film came in a yellow box roughly 1 inch thick.
Single 8 also called Standard 8 came in a yellow box roughly 1/2 inch thick.

Both types of films -- collectively -- are called Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) or Standard 8mm movie film and, before 1965, usually fond on little grey plastic reels -- with excepts around 1942 (see history below), and 1965 (more follows)..

Super 8 movie film (introduced in 1965) was sold and processed on 50 foot spools -- which were usually a blue cover with a white plastic spool.. Rarely covers were also red, yellow, green, black, and white.

About that same time (1965), Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) began to appear spooled onto white plastic reels with blue covers, too.. The hole in those spools was the size of a number 2 pencil or standard pen. Most easily confused with Super 8mm movie film.

ATTENTION: : It is very common for Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) to be on a Super 8mm movie spool and Super 8mm movie film, on a Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) spool -- by mistake of family members. When in doubt , look at the film itself and the size of the holes in the film -- not the spool.

HISTORICAL NOTE - TO HELP DATE AND IDENTIFY: Earliest Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) or Standard 8 film was called Double 8, because it was sold as 25 feet of 16mm movie film. It was called a "25 foot Double 8".

The tell-tell oversized, yellow box contained a tiny back metal canister -- sealed with black cotton tape -- to protect the brown, unexposed 16mm movie film inside.

The 16mm movie film was "double exposed" -- in 2 passes. Each pass -- exposing the entire length of the 16mm wide film -- but only exposed an Standard 8mm movie film wide strip along the length of the16mm movie film.

The cameraman would shoot one pass and then flip the 16mm movie film in the camera -- to shoot the second pass. This accounts for the "flashes of yellow light" half-way through early Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film)s.

At the time of film processing, the 16mm movie film was developed and then split down the center -- thus creating 2 strips of Standard 8mm movie film. . The two ends of the (now Standard 8mm movie ) film was glued together in the center and spooled onto a 50 foot spool of Standard 8mm movie film (shown below). This is nice to know if you need to date reels of film.

(Click to Refresh Pictures)

All 3 reels above are Double 8mm 25 foot movie film -- which is actually 2 strips of 25 foot film -- glued together (doubled) to make a 50 foot spool.

Proof of this is the splice located exactly dead center of the length of movie film.

DATING INFORMATION:Double 8mm & Standard 8mm Movie films

  1. (left top) Double 8mm 25 foot movie film reel -- aluminum (shown) or black metal reel (not shown) (pre-WWII), or

  2. (center bottom) Double 8mm 25 foot movie film reel a cardboard reel (WWII), or

  3. (right top) Double 8mm 25 foot movie film OR Standard 8mm movie film reel -- a grey plastic reel (post-WWII)

    In the1950s Kodok started spooling a solid 50 foot strip of film onto the same plastic grey reels (above right); however, the little yellow box (not shown) was only half the width of the yellow Double 8mm box (above).

Double 8mm 25 foot movie film was shipped back to owner in the same oversize yellow box -- now twice the length and half the width of the original 25 foot reel of 16mm movie film.

WARNING:Because the box "looks too big for the reel", many people wrongly assume the reel is in the "wrong box". This is one of the major reasons reels become disassociated from the correct box.

NOTE: Many times the cameraman would forget that the film had already been exposed and flipped -- and would expose the same edge twice. Thus "double exposures" were created on Double 8 film.

Click here for an introduction to this website to learn


The " tech note" below is on film transfer semantics on 16mm film, Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film), and Super 8mm movie film. Most readers have some "flavor" of Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) or Super 8mm movie film. Therefore, I do not specifically state the words "16mm movie film " -- every time I mention Super 8mm movie film or Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) -- when talking about film transfers to DVD or Master files. Instead, I just talk about Standard 8mm film, and Super 8mm movie film to film transfers -- with the ASSUMPTION THAT ALL PRINCIPLES APPLY TO 16mm movie film AS WELL.

The same applies to visual and non-visual illustrations -- using Standard 8mm movie film or Super 8mm movie film or film transfer. Illustrations about Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) ALSO APPLIES to SILENT 16mm movie film -- as Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) -- (see photos above) in may cases IS SILENT 16mm movie film--" SPLIT IN HALF -- DOWN THE CENTER" literally.

A 16mm movie film transfer can be much more complex than a Standard 8mm movie film or Super 8mm movie film transfer -- because 16mm movie film was used domestically, commercially -- as 16mm silent movie film and 16mm sound movie film -- and shot at 1 of 3 speeds -- even early century 1900s. Also 16mm movie film is OLDER and usually is in some stage of "vinegar syndrome". After you get a telecine film transfer quote, you are advised to call me about your 16mm movie film for a free 16mm movie film transfer "evaluation and consult".

I use Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) or Super 8mm movie terms -- for example:

Super 8mm movie film to DVD,
Super 8mm movie film transfer,
Standard 8mm movie film to H.264,
Super 8mm movie film transfer,
Single Standard 8mm movie film to HDTV Blu-ray,
Standard 8mm movie film to video,
Double Standard 8mm movie film to video,
Standard 8mm movie film to video,
Standard 8mm movie film movie to video,
Standard 8mm movie film telecine,
Standard 8mm movie telecine film transfer,
Standard 8mm movie film telecine transfer,
Ektasound Standard 8mm movie film to DVD,
Ektachrome Standard 8mm movie film to DVD,
Kodachrome Standard 8mm movie film to DVD.
film to video,
film to Flash Drive,
film to Hard Drive,
film to Blu-ray, etc

ALL these film transfer phrases refer to some "film to video film transfer process" of converting film to digital video unless otherwise stated specifically..

Site Map:

Guided Tour of Site:

Our Accomplishments Point to YOUR Success, Using Our Services

Dirty DVD Trade Secrets -- Lies, Darned Lies and Statistics!

Dirty Little Film Transfer Secrets -- of 8mm Film-Transfer Mills™

Dirty Little Secrets of the Small Format Movie Film-Transfer Industry: 16mm film, Super 8mm movie film, Standard 8mm movie Film Transfers



In Layman's Terms, you will learn...

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